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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 May 6;330(2):505-10.

Wnt5b partially inhibits canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway and promotes adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.

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Laboratory for Diabetic Nephropathy, SNP Research Center, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan.


To elucidate the functional roles of Wnt5b in adipogenesis, we characterized gene expression profiles in Wnt5b overexpressing 3T3-L1 cells using microarray analysis. Of the approximately 20,000 genes screened, we found that 85 genes were up-regulated and 211 genes were down-regulated in 3T3-L1 cells overexpressing Wnt5b. Among the genes regulated by Wnt5b, the expressions of insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), and WNT1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP-1), which were known to be up-regulated by Wnt1/beta-catenin signaling, were decreased in the Wnt5b overexpressing cells. This result was subsequently confirmed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (IGF-1; 0.74+/-0.08 and 0.56+/-0.08, WISP-1; 0.71+/-0.03 and 0.56+/-0.08, and VEGF-C; 0.67+/-0.01 and 0.80+/-0.07, mean+/-SEM, compared with the control at zero and two days after induction of differentiation, respectively). We also found that Wnt5b overexpression in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was able to partially prevent the inhibitory effect of Wnt3a on adipogenesis. Furthermore, the overexpression of Wnt5b was able to inhibit Wnt3a-induced activation of the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin pathway as evidenced by the reduced translocation of beta-catenin into the nucleus. These findings indicate that Wnt5b may promote adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells, at least in part, by antagonizing the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin pathway.

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