Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes. 2005 Apr;54(4):1171-8.

Genetic variations in the gene encoding ELMO1 are associated with susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy.

Author information

SNP Research Center, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan.


To search for a gene(s) conferring susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy (DN), we genotyped over 80,000 gene-based single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Japanese patients and identified that the engulfment and cell motility 1 gene (ELMO1) was a likely candidate for conferring susceptibility to DN, in view of the significant association of an SNP in this gene with the disease (intron 18+9170, GG vs. GA+AA, chi(2) = 19.9, P = 0.000008; odds ratio 2.67, 95% CI 1.71-4.16). In situ hybridization (ISH) using the kidney of normal and diabetic mice revealed that ELMO1 expression was weakly detectable mainly in tubular and glomerular epithelial cells in normal mouse kidney and was clearly elevated in the kidney of diabetic mice. Subsequent in vitro analysis revealed that ELMO1 expression was elevated in cells cultured under high glucose conditions (25 mmol/l) compared with cells cultured under normal glucose conditions (5.5 mmol/l). Furthermore, we identified that the expression of extracellular matrix protein genes, such as type 1 collagen and fibronectin, were increased in cells that overexpress ELMO1, whereas the expression of matrix metalloproteinases was decreased. These results indicate that ELMO1 is a novel candidate gene that both confers susceptibility to DN and plays an important role in the development and progression of this disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center