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Life Sci. 2005 Apr 22;76(23):2655-68.

Long-term treatment with the Na+-glucose cotransporter inhibitor T-1095 causes sustained improvement in hyperglycemia and prevents diabetic neuropathy in Goto-Kakizaki Rats.

Author information

1
Pharmacology Research Laboratories, Tanabe Seiyaku Co., Ltd., 2-2-50 Kawagishi, Toda, Saitama 335-0015, Japan.

Abstract

We examined the effects of T-1095, an orally active inhibitor of Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT), on the development and severity of diabetes in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a spontaneous, non-obese model of type 2 diabetes. T-1095 was administered as dietary admixture (0.1% w/w) beginning at 7 weeks of age for 32 weeks. Untreated male GK rats were hyperglycemic compared with Wistar rats. Throughout the study, T-1095 treatment significantly decreased both blood glucose and hemoglobin A(1C) levels in the GK rats. The concomitant increase of urinary glucose excretion indicated that the hypoglycemic action of T-1095 is derived from the enhancement of urinary glucose disposal. Although food intake was not changed in the T-1095-treated rats, the body weight gain was retarded. T-1095 treatment partially ameliorated oral glucose tolerance but not the impaired glucose-induced insulin secretion. Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) indicated the existence of insulin resistance in GK rats and a significant restoration by T-1095-treatment. There was a reduction of the thermal response in tail-flick testing following long-term hyperglycemia (diabetic neuropathy). Treatment of T-1095 significantly prevented the development of diabetic neuropathy in male GK rats. Sustained improvement of hyperglycemia and prevention of diabetic neuropathy by the T-1095-treatment provide further support the use of SGLT inhibitors for the treatment of diabetes.

PMID:
15792833
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2004.09.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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