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Biochem J. 2005 Jul 15;389(Pt 2):471-81.

Architecture of bacterial replication initiation complexes: orisomes from four unrelated bacteria.

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1
Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Weigla 12, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland.

Abstract

Bacterial chromosome replication is mediated by single initiator protein, DnaA, that interacts specifically with multiple DnaA boxes located within the origin (oriC). We compared the architecture of the DnaA-origin complexes of evolutionarily distantly related eubacteria: two Gram-negative organisms, Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori, and two Gram-positive organisms, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Streptomyces coelicolor. Their origins vary in size (from approx. 200 to 1000 bp) and number of DnaA boxes (from 5 to 19). The results indicate that: (i) different DnaA proteins exhibit various affinities toward single DnaA boxes, (ii) spatial arrangement of two DnaA boxes is crucial for the H. pylori and S. coelicolor DnaA proteins, but not for E. coli and M. tuberculosis proteins, and (iii) the oriC regions are optimally adjusted to their cognate DnaA proteins. The primary functions of multiple DnaA boxes are to determine the positioning and order of assembly of the DnaA molecules. Gradual transition from the sequence-specific binding of the DnaA protein to binding through co-operative protein-protein interactions seems to be a common conserved strategy to generate oligomeric initiator complexes bound to multiple sites within the chromosomal, plasmid and virial origins.

PMID:
15790315
PMCID:
PMC1175125
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20050143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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