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J Pept Res. 2005 Mar;65(3):312-21.

De novo design of a pentameric coiled-coil: decoding the motif for tetramer versus pentamer formation in water-soluble phospholamban.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Johnson Foundation, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Water-soluble phospholamban (WSPLB) is a designed, water-soluble analogue of the pentameric membrane protein phospholamban (PLB), which contains the same core and interhelical residues as PLB, with only the solvent-exposed positions mutated. WSPLB contains the same secondary and quaternary structure as PLB. The hydrophobic cores of PLB and WSPLB contain Leu and Ile at the a- and d-positions of a heptad repeat (abcdefg) from residues 31-52, while residues 21-30 are rich in polar amino acids at these positions. While the full-length WSPLB forms pentamers in solution, truncated peptides lacking residues 21-30 are largely tetrameric. Thus, truncation of residues 1-20 promotes a switch from pentamer to tetramer formation. Here, the motifs for WSPLB pentamerization were elucidated by characterizing a series of peptides, which were progressively truncated in this polar 'switch' region. When fully present, the 'switch' region promotes pentamer formation in WSPLB, by destabilizing a more stable tetrameric species which exists in its absence. We find that the burial of hydrogen bonding residues from 21 to 30 drives WSPLB from a tetramer to a pentamer, with direct implications for coiled-coil design.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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