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Environ Sci Technol. 2005 Mar 1;39(5):1214-20.

Development of improved materials for environmental applications: nanocrystalline NaY zeolites.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


Two nanocrystalline NaY samples were synthesized with Si/Al ratios of 1.8 and crystal sizes of 23 and 50 nm, respectively. The synthesized NaY zeolites were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption isotherms, silicon solid-state magic angle spinning NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. A commercial NaY sample was analogously characterized for comparison with the synthesized nanocrystalline NaY. FTIR spectroscopy of adsorbed pyridine was used to elucidate the adsorption sites on the different NaY samples. More Brønsted acid sites and more silanol sites were detected on the nanocrystalline NaY zeolites, relative to the commercial NaY. The nanocrystalline NaY exhibited increased adsorption capacities for representative pollutant molecules, such as toluene (approximately 10%) and nitrogen dioxide (approximately 30%), relative to commercial NaY. Functionalization of nanocrystalline NaY was examined as a method for tailoring the properties of nanocrystalline zeolites for specific environmental applications through the control of zeolite properties, such as hydrophobicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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