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Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2005 Jun;14(6):427-36.

Exploring the risk of diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia among ambulatory users of atypical antipsychotics: a population-based comparison of risperidone and olanzapine.

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  • 1Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Laval, Québec, Que., Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the incidence rates of diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia in ambulatory first-time users of risperidone and olanzapine.

METHODS:

The database for the Prescription Drug Insurance Plan in the province of Quebec was used as the data source for a population-based cohort study. Denominalized data were extracted for all ambulatory patients who first received an atypical antipsychotic between 1 January 1997 and 31 August 1999. Eligible patients were categorized as taking: no antidiabetic medication; no lipid reducing medication; neither type of medication. Those who started to use an outcome drug (an antidiabetic or lipid-lowering medication) before the end of the follow-up period (31 August 2000) were considered to have developed the corresponding outcome disease. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) (and 95% confidence intervals) for initiating antihyperglycemic or lipid-lowering drug treatment, or both were calculated. Outcomes on risperidone were compared to those on olanzapine.

RESULTS:

A total of 19 582 eligible patients were included in the analysis. Relative to risperidone, olanzapine was associated with a higher risk of initiating a pharmacologic treatment for diabetes [IRR: 1.33 (1.03-1.74)], dyslipidemia [IRR: 1.49 (1.22-1.83)], or either condition [1.47 (1.23-1.76)].

CONCLUSIONS:

Olanzapine seems to be associated with a higher risk of developing diabetes and/or dyslipidemia than risperidone. Further prospective studies are needed to rigorously assess the safety of olanzapine.

PMID:
15786513
DOI:
10.1002/pds.1093
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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