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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005 Aug;289(2):F369-76. Epub 2005 Mar 22.

A1 adenosine receptor knockout mice exhibit increased mortality, renal dysfunction, and hepatic injury in murine septic peritonitis.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032-3784, USA.


Sepsis is a leading cause of multiorgan dysfunction and death in hospitalized patients. Dysregulated inflammatory processes and apoptosis contribute to the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced organ dysfunction and death. A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR) activation reduces inflammation and apoptosis after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Therefore, we questioned whether A(1)AR-mediated reduction of inflammation and apoptosis could improve mortality and organ dysfunction in a murine model of sepsis. A(1)AR knockout mice (A(1) knockout) and their wild-type (A(1) wild-type) littermate controls were subjected to cecal ligation and double puncture (CLP) with a 20-gauge needle. A(1) knockout mice or A(1) wild-type mice treated with 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (a selective A(1)AR antagonist) had a significantly higher mortality rate compared with A(1) wild-type mice following CLP. Mice lacking endogenous A(1)ARs demonstrated significant elevations in plasma creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, keratinocyte-derived chemokine, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha 24 h after induction of sepsis compared with wild-type mice. The renal corticomedullary junction from A(1) knockout mice also exhibited increased myeloperoxidase activity, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 protein, and mRNA encoding proinflammatory cytokines compared with renal samples from A(1) wild-type littermate controls. No difference in renal tubular apoptosis was detected between A(1) knockout and A(1) wild-type mice. We conclude that endogenous A(1)AR activation confers a protective effect in mice from septic peritonitis primarily by attenuating the hyperacute inflammatory response in sepsis.

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