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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Feb 11;94(5):054802. Epub 2005 Feb 10.

Focusing hard x rays to nanometer dimensions by adiabatically focusing lenses.

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HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.


We address the question of what is the smallest spot size that hard x rays can be focused to using refractive optics. A thick refractive x-ray lens is considered, whose aperture is gradually (adiabatically) adapted to the size of the beam as it converges to the focus. These adiabatically focusing lenses are shown to have a relatively large numerical aperture, focusing hard x rays down to a lateral size of 2 nm (FWHM), well below the theoretical limit for focusing with waveguides [C. Bergemann, Phys. Rev. Lett.912003204801].

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