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Oncogene. 2005 May 26;24(23):3786-96.

Distinct roles for p53 transactivation and repression in preventing UCN-01-mediated abrogation of DNA damage-induced arrest at S and G2 cell cycle checkpoints.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA.

Abstract

The topoisomerase I inhibitor SN38 arrests cell cycle progression primarily in S or G(2) phases of the cell cycle in a p53-independent manner. The Chk1 inhibitor, 7-hydroxystaurosporine (UCN-01), overcomes both S and G(2) arrest preferentially in cells mutated for p53, driving cells through a lethal mitosis and thereby enhancing cytotoxicity. The mechanism by which p53 maintains S and G(2) arrest was investigated here. The p53 wild-type MCF10A cells were arrested in S phase by incubation with SN38 for 24 h. Subsequent incubation with UCN-01 failed to abrogate arrest. To examine the impact of p53, MCF10A cells were developed, which express the tetramerization domain of p53 to inhibit endogenous p53 function. These cells were attenuated in SN38-mediated induction of p21(WAF1), and UCN-01 induced S, but not G(2) progression. In contrast, MCF10A cells expressing short hairpin RNA to ablate p53 expression underwent both S and G(2) phase progression with UCN-01. The difference in G(2) progression was attributed to p53-mediated gene repression; the MCF10A cells expressing the tetramerization domain retained p53 protein and repressed both cyclin B and Chk1, while cells ablated for p53 did not repress these proteins. Hence, inhibition of p53 activator function permits S phase abrogation, while additional inhibition of p53 repressor function is required for abrogation of G(2) arrest. These studies provide a mechanistic explanation for how this therapeutic strategy can selectively target tumor cells.

PMID:
15782134
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1208451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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