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Cancer Res. 2005 Mar 15;65(6):2296-302.

Effect of conditional knockout of the type II TGF-beta receptor gene in mammary epithelia on mammary gland development and polyomavirus middle T antigen induced tumor formation and metastasis.

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1
Department of Cancer Biology, Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) isoforms are growth factors that function physiologically to regulate development, cellular proliferation, and immune responses. The role of TGF-beta signaling in mammary tumorigenesis is complex, as TGF-beta has been reported to function as both a tumor suppressor and tumor promoter. To elucidate the role of TGF-beta signaling in mammary gland development, tumorigenesis, and metastasis, the gene encoding type II TGF-beta receptor, Tgfbr2, was conditionally deleted in the mammary epithelium (Tgfbr2MGKO). Loss of Tgfbr2 in the mammary epithelium results in lobular-alveolar hyperplasia in the developing mammary gland and increased apoptosis. Tgfbr2MGKO mice were mated to the mouse mammary tumor virus-polyomavirus middle T antigen (PyVmT) transgenic mouse model of metastatic breast cancer. Loss of Tgfbr2 in the context of PyVmT expression results in a shortened median tumor latency and an increased formation of pulmonary metastases. Thus, our studies support a tumor-suppressive role for epithelial TGF-beta signaling in mammary gland tumorigenesis and show that pulmonary metastases can occur and are even enhanced in the absence of TGF-beta signaling in the carcinoma cells.

PMID:
15781643
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-04-3272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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