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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Apr 29;330(1):123-30.

Mechanical force activates eIF-2alpha phospho-kinases in fibroblast.

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CIHR Group in Matrix Dynamics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., Canada.


Mechanical forces can induce differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts, a process which requires activation of the MAP kinase p38. Currently, the identification of other phospho-kinases involved in myofibroblast differentiation has not been explored. We applied static tensile forces to rat cardiac fibroblasts via collagen-coated magnetite beads and examined activation of protein phospho-kinases by the Kinexus phospho-antibody screening system. Of 75 candidate protein kinases screened, 39 were detected and, of these, 31 phospho-kinases were analyzed. Following force application, 12 out of 31 phospho-kinases exhibited increases of phosphorylation including PKR (>4-fold), MKK3 (3-fold), MKK6 ( approximately 2-fold), and p38 ( approximately 2-fold). In several types of mechanically sensitive, contractile fibroblasts including rat cardiac, human gingival, and Rat-2 fibroblasts, tensile forces increased eIF-2alpha phosphorylation, a downstream effector of PKR. We conclude that phospho-antibody screening is an efficient method for discovery of novel mechanical force-induced phospho-kinases and force can activate eIF-2alpha phospho-kinases in fibroblasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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