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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2005 Apr;17(2):203-9.

Cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatases, regulation and function: the roles of PTP1B and TC-PTP.

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McGill Cancer Centre, McGill University, 3655 Promenade Sir-William-Osler, room 701, Montreal, QC, H3G 1Y6, Canada.


PTP1B and TC-PTP are closely related protein tyrosine phosphatases, sharing 74% homology in their catalytic domain. However, their cellular localization, function, and regulation are found to be different. Their substrate specificity has implicated these enzymes in various signaling pathways, regulating metabolism, proliferation and cytokine signaling. For instance, PTP1B has been shown to regulate the activation of cytokine receptors through the dephosphorylation of specific members of the JAK family, namely JAK2 and TYK2, whereas TC-PTP is involved in the modulation of cytokine signaling via JAK1 and JAK3 molecules. Gene-targeting approaches will help us to unravel the physiological functions of these enzymes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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