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J Plant Physiol. 2005 Feb;162(2):161-8.

The variable C-terminus of 14-3-3 proteins mediates isoform-specific interaction with sucrose-phosphate synthase in the yeast two-hybrid system.

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Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung, Corrensstrasse 3, Gatersleben 06466, Germany.


Sucrose-6-phosphate synthase (SPS) is a target for 14-3-3 protein binding in plants. Because several isoforms of the 14-3-3 protein are expressed in plants, I investigated which isoforms have the ability to bind SPS. Two 14-3-3 isoforms (T14-3d and a novel isoform designated T14-3 g) were found to interact with SPS from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in a two-hybrid screen. To further address the question of isoform specificity of 14-3-3s, four additional isoforms were tested for their ability to interact with SPS in the yeast two-hybrid system. The results clearly revealed large differences in affinity between individual 14-3-3 isoforms toward SPS. Deletion analysis suggested that these differences were mediated by the variable C-terminus of 14-3-3s. Site-directed mutagenesis of candidate 14-3-3 binding sites on SPS demonstrated that interaction could be independent of a phosphorylated serine residue within conserved binding motifs in the yeast system. These findings suggest that the large number of 14-3-3 isoforms present in plants reflects functional specificity.

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