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J Neuroimmunol. 1992 May;38(1-2):53-62.

Therapy of chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis and the role of the blood-brain barrier: elucidation by the action of Brequinar sodium.

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Department of Pathology, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London, UK.


The immunosuppressive effect of the novel 4-quinoline carboxylic acid derivative Brequinar sodium on the chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis CREAE model in the Biozzi AB/H mouse was investigated. Although Brequinar sodium actively inhibited peripheral immune responses, it showed a limited potential to control an ongoing disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Doses of 25 mg/kg inhibited in vivo induced proliferative response and prevented EAE when treated from day 9 post-inoculation (p.i.). However, when administered from day 12 p.i. or during the post-acute remission phase-limited effects on the course of disease were observed. By comparison, treatment with a single high dose of cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg) at these time points was significantly effective in controlling disease. As a possible explanation of the observed results it is suggested that for a compound to be effective in treating an ongoing immune response in the CNS, it must be capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier and act on the disease-inducing cells activated within the CNS. This hypothesis is supported by the finding that intracerebral injections of Brequinar sodium on day 12 p.i. significantly inhibited disease progression. This suggests that strategies aimed at controlling immune-mediated disease of the CNS require therapeutic doses of the compounds to be delivered into the CNS.

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