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J Immunol. 2005 Apr 1;174(7):3891-6.

Mice deficient in OX40 and CD30 signals lack memory antibody responses because of deficient CD4 T cell memory.

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Medical Research Council Center for Immune Regulation, Institute for Biomedical Research, Birmingham Medical School, Birmingham, United Kingdom.


Recently, we reported that a CD4(+)CD3(-)CD11c(-) accessory cell provided OX40-dependent survival signals to follicular T cells. These accessory cells express both OX40 ligand and CD30 ligand, and the receptors, OX40 and CD30, are both expressed on Th2-primed CD4 T cells. OX40 and CD30 signals share common signaling pathways, suggesting that CD30 signals might substantially compensate in OX40-deficient mice. In this report we have dissected the signaling roles of CD30 alone and in combination with OX40. CD30-deficient mice showed an impaired capacity to sustain follicular germinal center responses, and recall memory Ab responses were substantially reduced. Deficiencies in OX40 and CD30 signals were additive; secondary Ab responses were ablated in double-deficient mice. Although the initial proliferation of OX40/CD30 double-knockout OTII transgenic T cells was comparable to that of their normal counterparts, they failed to survive in vivo, and this was associated with reduced T cell numbers associated with CD4(+)CD3(-) cells in B follicles. Finally, we show that OX40/CD30 double-knockout OTII transgenic T cells fail to survive compared with normal T cells when cocultured with CD4(+)CD3(-) cells in vitro.

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