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Microbes Infect. 2005 Mar;7(3):537-43. Epub 2005 Feb 5.

Dual functions of murine gammadelta cells in inflammation and autoimmunity in coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis: role of Vgamma1+ and Vgamma4+ cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA. Sally.Huber@uvm.edu

Abstract

Coxsackieviruses are a cause of clinical myocarditis. Both virus replication and host defense mechanisms, including virus-induced autoimmunity, mediate heart injury and cardiac dysfunction. Vgamma4+ cells kill infected cardiocytes and virus-specific CD4+ Th2 cells through Fas-dependent apoptosis and CD1d. The CD4+ Th1 response is necessary for activation of the autoimmune CD8+ T cells, which kill uninfected cardiocytes through perforin-dependent mechanisms.

PMID:
15777711
DOI:
10.1016/j.micinf.2004.12.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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