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EMBO J. 2005 Mar 23;24(6):1122-33. Epub 2005 Mar 10.

Gamma-BAR, a novel AP-1-interacting protein involved in post-Golgi trafficking.

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  • 1Cell Biology and Cell Biophysics Programme, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Heidelberg, Germany.


A novel peripheral membrane protein (2c18) that interacts directly with the gamma 'ear' domain of the adaptor protein complex 1 (AP-1) in vitro and in vivo is described. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrates a colocalization of 2c18 and gamma1-adaptin at the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and on vesicular profiles. Overexpression of 2c18 increases the fraction of membrane-bound gamma1-adaptin and inhibits its release from membranes in response to brefeldin A. Knockdown of 2c18 reduces the steady-state levels of gamma1-adaptin on membranes. Overexpression or downregulation of 2c18 leads to an increased secretion of the lysosomal hydrolase cathepsin D, which is sorted by the mannose-6-phosphate receptor at the TGN, which itself involves AP-1 function for trafficking between the TGN and endosomes. This suggests that the direct interaction of 2c18 and gamma1-adaptin is crucial for membrane association and thus the function of the AP-1 complex in living cells. We propose to name this protein gamma-BAR.

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