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Int Surg. 1992 Jan-Mar;77(1):15-8.

The role of strictureplasty in Crohn's disease.

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General Hospital, Birmingham, U.K.


Crohn's disease is a panintestinal disease of unknown aetiology and a tendency to recrudescence throughout the patient's life. It is therefore impossible to cure Crohn's disease by medical therapy or surgical excision. In spite of this, the majority of patients can be managed through their disease and maintained in a good state of health by a combination of medical and surgical treatment. Early attempts at surgical management of Crohn's disease in the 1930's and 1940's involved bypass procedures which were marred with serious complications of sepsis, development of cancer and increased rate of recurrence. By the 1950's resection became the preferred operation but there soon arose a controversy about the amount of bowel that should be removed. There were some who advocated radical excision; removing all diseased bowel with a large margin of apparently normal tissue on each side of the resection. Others found less radical resection safer as it preserved gut and also had no apparent effect on the rate of recurrence of the disease. Although this argument continued, the balance gradually shifted towards less radical surgery. Furthermore, the wave of conservatism led to the evolution of the concept of minimal surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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