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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Mar 29;102(13):4819-23. Epub 2005 Mar 17.

Defective B cell responses in the absence of SH2D1A.

Author information

1
Division of Immunology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA. mmorra@bidmc.harvard.edu

Abstract

More than half of patients with X-linked lympho-proliferative disease, which is caused by a defect in the intracellular adapter protein SH2D1A, suffer from an extreme susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus. One-third of these patients, however, develop dysgammaglobulenemia without an episode of severe mononucleosis. Here we show that in SH2D1A(-/-) mice, both primary and secondary responses of all Ig subclasses are severely impaired in response to specific antigens. Because germinal centers were absent in SH2D1A(-/-) mice upon primary immunization, and because SH2D1A was detectable in wt germinal center B cells, we examined whether SH2D1A(-/-) B cell functions were impaired. Using the adoptive cotransfer of B lymphocytes from hapten-primed SH2D1A(-/-) mice with CD4(+) T cells from primed wt mice into irradiated wt mice provided evidence that signal transduction events controlled by SH2D1A are essential for B cell activities resulting in antigen specific IgG production. Defects in naive SH2D1A(-/-) B cells became evident upon cotransfer with non-primed wt CD4(+) cells into Rag2(-/-) recipients. Thus, both defective T and B cells exist in the absence of SH2D1A, which may explain the progressive dysgammaglobulinemia in a subset of X-linked lympho-proliferative disease patients without involvement of Epstein-Barr virus.

PMID:
15774582
PMCID:
PMC555707
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0408681102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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