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Eur J Immunol. 1992 May;22(5):1185-91.

High-level expression of a human immunoglobulin gamma 1 transgene depends on switch region sequences.

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Preclinical Research, Sandoz Pharma Ltd., Basel, Switzerland.


We describe that chimeric mouse-human immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) genes lacking a switch region and controlled by an IgH promoter and the intronic enhancer are only weakly expressed in transgenic mice. Insertion of part of the human C gamma 1 or murine Cmu switch region into the major intron of the chimeric IgH gene results in a 10(2)-to 10(3)-fold increase in transgene expression. Analysis of B cell hybridoma clones from transgenic mice suggests that switch sequences influence IgH transgene expression at the cellular level. However, the effect of switch region sequences on IgH gene expression observed in vivo is not apparent in transfected B cell lines. These results indicate that switch region sequences which are located proximal to the constant part of the gene and which are normally present in a rearranged IgH gene after class switching represent a novel type of regulatory element that plays a critical role in IgH gene expression in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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