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J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005 Mar;32(3):87-93. Epub 2005 Mar 16.

Effect of carbon sources differing in oxidation state and transport route on succinate production in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.

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1
Department of Bioengineering MS 142, Rice University, PO Box 1892, Houston, Texas 77251-1892, USA. henlin@rice.edu

Abstract

In mixed-acid fermentation, succinate synthesis requires one mole of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), one mole of CO2, and two moles of NADH for every mole of succinate to be formed. Different carbon sources with different properties were used to address these requirements. Sorbitol generates one more mole of NADH than glucose. Fermentation of sorbitol was shown in this study (and by others) to produce significantly more succinate than fermentation of glucose, due to increased NADH availability. Xylose fermentation conserves the intracellular PEP pool, since its transport does not require the phosphotransferase system normally used for glucose transport. The extra PEP can then be assimilated in the succinate pathway to improve production. In this study, fermentation of xylose did yield higher succinate production than glucose fermentation. Subsequent inactivation of the acetate and lactate pathways was performed to study metabolite redistribution and the effect on succinate production. With the acetate pathway inactivated, significant carbon flux shifted toward lactate rather than succinate. When both acetate and lactate pathways were inactivated, succinate yield ultimately increased with a concomitant increase in ethanol yield.

PMID:
15770511
DOI:
10.1007/s10295-005-0206-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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