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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005 Sep;68(4):498-504. Epub 2005 Oct 26.

Efficient production of (2S)-flavanones by Escherichia coli containing an artificial biosynthetic gene cluster.

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Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.


For the fermentative production of plant-specific flavanones (naringenin, pinocembrin) by Escherichia coli, a plasmid was constructed which carried an artificial biosynthetic gene cluster, including PAL encoding a phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from a yeast, ScCCL encoding a cinnamate/coumarate:CoA ligase from the actinomycete Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), CHS encoding a chalcone synthase from a licorice plant and CHI encoding a chalcone isomerase from the Pueraria plant. The recombinant E. coli cells produced (2S)-naringenin from tyrosine and (2S)-pinocembrin from phenylalanine. When the two subunit genes of acetyl-CoA carboxylase from Corynebacterium glutamicum were expressed under the control of the T7 promoter and the ribosome-binding sequence in the recombinant E. coli cells, the flavanone yields were greatly increased, probably because enhanced expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase increased a pool of malonyl-CoA that was available for flavanone synthesis. Under cultural conditions where E. coli at a cell density of 50 g/l was incubated in the presence of 3 mM tyrosine or phenylalanine, the yields of naringenin and pinocembrin reached about 60 mg/l. The fermentative production of flavanones in E. coli is the first step in the construction of a library of flavonoid compounds and un-natural flavonoids in bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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