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J Emerg Med. 2005 Apr;28(3):353-9.

A survey to determine the prevalence and characteristics of training in Evidence-Based Medicine in emergency medicine residency programs.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Detroit Receiving Hospital, University Health Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.


We conducted a survey to determine the prevalence, training methods, and allotment of time for teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) skills within accredited Emergency Medicine (EM) residency programs in the United States. A survey was mailed to program directors of all 122 accredited Emergency Medicine residency programs. The survey was also sent to program directors using an e-mail listserv. Responses were obtained from 53% of programs; 80% (95% CI: 68-89) of EM programs reported teaching some EBM. Although respondents believed a median of 10 hours were required to adequately cover this topic, only 22% provided more than 5 hours per year. Sixtey-three percent (95% CI: 50-75) of respondents reported using the JAMA Users' Guides series in journal club and 83% reported efforts to link journal clubs to patient care. Perceived barriers to integrating EBM into teaching and patient care included lack of trained faculty, lack of time, lack of familiarity with EBM resources, insufficient funding, and lack of interested faculty. In summary, academic EM programs are attempting to train residents in EBM, but perceive a lack of trained faculty, time, and funding as barriers. Desired resources include a defined curriculum, on-line training for faculty, and defined strategies for integration of EBM into training and patient care.

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