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J Appl Psychol. 2005 Mar;90(2):295-305.

The contagious leader: impact of the leader's mood on the mood of group members, group affective tone, and group processes.

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  • 1College of Business Administration, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90815, USA. tsy@csulb.edu

Abstract

The present study examined the effects of leaders' mood on (a) the mood of individual group members, (b) the affective tone of groups, and (c) 3 group processes: coordination, effort expenditure, and task strategy. On the basis of a mood contagion model, the authors found that when leaders were in a positive mood, in comparison to a negative mood, (a) individual group members experienced more positive and less negative mood, and (b) groups had a more positive and a less negative affective tone. The authors also found that groups with leaders in a positive mood exhibited more coordination and expended less effort than did groups with leaders in a negative mood. Applied implications of the results are discussed.

PMID:
15769239
DOI:
10.1037/0021-9010.90.2.295
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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