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J Appl Psychol. 2005 Mar;90(2):295-305.

The contagious leader: impact of the leader's mood on the mood of group members, group affective tone, and group processes.

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College of Business Administration, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90815, USA.


The present study examined the effects of leaders' mood on (a) the mood of individual group members, (b) the affective tone of groups, and (c) 3 group processes: coordination, effort expenditure, and task strategy. On the basis of a mood contagion model, the authors found that when leaders were in a positive mood, in comparison to a negative mood, (a) individual group members experienced more positive and less negative mood, and (b) groups had a more positive and a less negative affective tone. The authors also found that groups with leaders in a positive mood exhibited more coordination and expended less effort than did groups with leaders in a negative mood. Applied implications of the results are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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