Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Health Promot. 2005 Mar-Apr;19(4):314-7.

Relationships among community characteristics and walking and bicycling for transportation or recreation.

Author information

  • 1Office of Family Health, Oregon Department of Human Services, 800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 825, Portland, OR 97232, USA.



Compare walking and bicycling for transportation and recreation with the percentage of the community devoted to parklands.


Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (N = 206,992), Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (N = 409,025), and Trust for Public Land (N = 55) data were used to estimate recreational walking and bicycling, utilitarian walking and bicycling, and parkland as a percentage of city acreage. Data were linked at the metropolitan statistical area or city level (N = 34). Pearson correlation coefficients were used to assess the associations among recreational and utilitarian walking and bicycling and parkland acreage.


Utilitarian walking and bicycling and parkland acreage were significantly correlated (r = .62, p < .0001). No significant relationships were observed for leisure time walking or bicycling.


Communities with more parks had significantly higher levels of walking and bicycling for transportation. Urban design features associated with leisure time physical activity might differ from those associated with transportation-related physical activity. Further studies are needed to articulate the relationships among community attributes and purposes of physical activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center