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Pediatr Ann. 2005 Feb;34(2):128-34.

Current directions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder.

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Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida Health Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.


Pediatric OCD, a chronic and impairing condition, is not uncommon. Diagnosis is often difficult given the secrecy of many patients and co-occurring psychopathology. CBT alone or CBT with concurrent SSRI therapy are considered the first-line treatment. Nevertheless, relatively few mental health professionals are adequately trained in CBT for OCD. For example, in a national survey of 79 clinicians treating pediatric OCD in Norway, less than 33% of clinicians reported using exposure/response prevention (or similar techniques) despite rating CBT as a favorable approach to treatment. Limited access to professionals proficient in CBT may result in the prescription of pharmacotherapy alone or pharmacotherapy with other concurrent psychotherapies (that are not demonstrated as efficacious). Clearly, improving the referral network to experts trained in CBT for OCD is necessary to provide efficacious treatment, associated with reduced rates of relapse. Intensive CBT may extend resources to families without access to trained professionals in their area, given the potential for effective therapy in a succinct time period. Accordingly, in addition to the controlled trial evaluating CBT, pharmacotherapy, and combined treatment, initial investigations of intensive CBT for pediatric patients appear necessary. Additionally, intervention studies for children with significant comorbid psychopathology should be pursued.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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