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Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 Apr;29(4):485-9.

Endometrial stromal sarcomas frequently express epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, HER-1): potential basis for a new therapeutic approach.

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  • 1Institute of Pathology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria. farid.moinfar@meduni-graz.at

Abstract

Endometrial stromal sarcomas are rare malignant mesenchymal uterine tumors. The expressions of different epidermal growth factor receptors such as EGFR (HER-1), HER-2, HER-3, and HER-4 have not yet been examined in these tumors. Twenty-three cases of endometrial sarcomas consisting of 20 low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas and 3 undifferentiated endometrial sarcomas were examined immunohistochemically for EGFR (HER-1), HER-2, HER-3, and HER-4. EGFR (HER-1) was positive in 17 of 23 (74%) cases. While the three undifferentiated endometrial sarcomas were positive for EGFR, 14 of 20 (70%) low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas showed positive reactions for EGFR. All examined cases were negative for HER-2, HER-3, and HER-4. This study is the first to show common expression of EGFR (HER-1) in endometrial stromal sarcomas. This finding may provide the basis for a new therapeutic strategy using monoclonal antibodies against EGFR (such as cetuximab) or small molecule inhibitors of EGFR (such as gefitinib) in patients with endometrial sarcomas.

PMID:
15767802
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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