Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 2005 Apr;79(7):3969-78.

Inhibition of RIG-I-dependent signaling to the interferon pathway during hepatitis C virus expression and restoration of signaling by IKKepsilon.

Author information

Unité Hépacivirus, Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.


Interferon (IFN) is one important effector of the innate immune response, induced by different viral or bacterial components through Toll-like receptor (TLR)-dependent and -independent mechanisms. As part of its pathogenic strategy, hepatitis C virus (HCV) interferes with the innate immune response and induction of IFN-beta via the HCV NS3/4A protease activity which inhibits phosphorylation of IRF-3, a key transcriptional regulator of the IFN response. In the present study, we demonstrate that inhibition by the protease occurs upstream of the noncanonical IKK-related kinases IKKepsilon and TBK-1, which phosphorylate IRF-3, through partial inhibition of the TLR adapter protein TRIF/TICAM1-dependent pathway. Use of TRIF(-/-) mouse embryo fibroblasts however revealed the presence of a TRIF-independent pathway involved in IFN induction that was also inhibited by NS3/4A. Importantly, we show that NS3/4A can strongly inhibit the ability of the recently described RIG-I protein to activate IFN, suggesting that RIG-I is a key factor in the TRIF-independent, NS3/4A-sensitive pathway. Expression of IFN signaling components including IKKepsilon, TBK-1, TRIF, and wild type or constitutively active forms of RIG-I in the HCV replicon cells resulted in IFN-beta promoter transactivation, with IKKepsilon displaying the highest efficiency. Subsequently, overexpression of IKKepsilon resulted in 80% inhibition of both the positive and negative replicative strands of the HCV replicon. The partial restoration of the capacity of the host cell to transcribe IFN-beta indicates that IKKepsilon expression is able to bypass the HCV-mediated inhibition and restore the innate antiviral response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center