Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2005 Apr 15;146(2-3):259-68.

Effects of aging on microvascular oxygen pressures in rat skeletal muscle.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Abstract

Aging alters skeletal muscle vascular geometry and control such that the dynamics of muscular blood flow (Q) and O2 delivery (Q(O2)) may be impaired across the rest-exercise transition. If, at the onset of muscle contractions, Q dynamics are slowed disproportionately to those of muscle O2 uptake (V(O2), microvascular PO2 (PO2m) would be reduced and blood-tissue O2 transfer compromised. This investigation determined the effects of aging on PO2m (a direct reflection of the Q(O2)-to-V(O2) ratio), at rest and across the rest-contractions transition in the spinotrapezius of young (approximately 6 months, n = 9) and old (>24 months, n = 10) male Fisher 344/Brown Norway hybrid rats. Phosphorescence quenching techniques were used to quantify PO2m, and test the hypothesis that, across the rest-contractions (twitch, 1 Hz; 4-6 V, 240 s) transition, aging would transiently reduce the Q(O2)-to-V(O2) ratio causing a biphasic profile in which PO2m fell below steady-state contracting values. Old rats had a lower pre-contraction baseline PO2m than young (27.1+/-1.9 versus 33.8+/-1.6 mmHg, P<0.05, respectively). In addition, in old rats PO2m demonstrated a pronounced difference between the absolute nadir and end-contracting values (2.5+/-0.9 mmHg), which was absent in young rats. In conclusion, unlike their young counterparts, old rats exhibited a transiently reduced PO2m across the rest-contractions transition that may impair blood-tissue O2 exchange and elevate the O2 deficit, thereby contributing to premature fatigue.

PMID:
15766914
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2004.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center