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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Apr 22;329(4):1217-24.

Therapeutic effect of adenoviral-mediated hepatocyte growth factor gene administration on TNBS-induced colitis in mice.

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Division of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Department of Genetic Medicine and Regenerative Therapeutics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tottori University, Japan.


Inflammatory bowel disease is incurable and relapsing disease. In order to clarify the effect of HGF gene therapy for inflammatory bowel disease, the adenoviral-mediated HGF gene was intrarectally administered into TNBS-colitis-induced Balb/c mice. Adenoviral-mediated gene delivery targetted its expression mainly to intestinal epithelial cells. Mucosal damage of HGF-treated intestine was significantly improved, and compared with LacZ-treated and saline administered mice (P<0.05, each). The mice treated with intrarectal administration of pAxCAHGF showed an increased average of body weight in comparison with that of pAxCALacZ-treated and saline-treated mice (P<0.05, each). The PCNA-positive cells in pAxCALacZ-treated mice were 44.7+/-4.9%, 51.7+/-6.6%, and 53.9+/-4.5% at 10, 15, and 21 days after TNBS administration, however those in pAxCAHGF-treated mice were increased to 74.3+/-5.1%, 67.1+/-2.6%, and 69.2+/-4.6% (P<0.05, each). The TUNEL-positive cells in pAxCALacZ-treated mice were 13.3+/-5.2%, 11.5+/-2.1%, and 7.2+/-5.2%, respectively. However, those in pAxCAHGF-treated mice at 10, 15, and 21 days were significantly decreased to 5.4+/-1.8%, 3.8+/-1.3%, and 5.7+/-2.8% (P<0.05, respectively). Expression of ERK1/2 was stronger in pAxCAHGF mice than in pAxCALacZ. These data suggest that adenoviral-mediated HGF gene therapy via an intrarectal route is a promising therapy for inflammatory bowel disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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