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Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Jan 15;14(1):e2.

Biomechanics of spinal deformity.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.


The correction of spinal deformity may be achieved by a variety of methods, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. The goals of spinal deformity surgery include reasonable correction of the curvature, prevention of further deformation, improvement of sagittal and coronal balance, optimization of cosmetic issues, and restoration/preservation of function. The failure to consider all these factors appropriately may result in a suboptimal outcome. Understanding fundamental biomechanical principles involved in the formation, progression, and treatment of spinal deformities is essential in the clinical decision-making process.

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