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J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005 Jan;32(1):12-8. Epub 2005 Jan 27.

Characterization of thermostable Xyn10A enzyme from mesophilic Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824.

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Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA.


A thermostable xylanase gene, xyn10A (CAP0053), was cloned from Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. The nucleotide sequence of the C. acetobutylicum xyn10A gene encoded a 318-amino-acid, single-domain, family 10 xylanase, Xyn10A, with a molecular mass of 34 kDa. Xyn10A exhibited extremely high (92%) amino acid sequence identity with Xyn10B (CAP0116) of this strain and had 42% and 32% identity with the catalytic domains of Rhodothermus marinus xylanase I and Thermoascus aurantiacus xylanase I, respectively. Xyn10A enzyme was purified from recombinant Escherichia coli and was highly active toward oat-spelt and Birchwood xylan and slightly active toward carboxymethyl cellulose, arabinogalactouronic acid, and various p-nitrophenyl monosaccharides. Xyn10A hydrolyzed xylan and xylooligosaccharides larger than xylobiose to produce xylose. This enzyme was optimally active at 60 degrees C and had an optimum pH of 5.0. This is one of a number of related activities encoded on the large plasmid in this strain.

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