Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chest. 2005 Mar;127(3):716-21.

Sleep oxygen desaturation and circulating leptin in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Respirology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuou-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan. tatsumi@faculty.chiba-u.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by repeated oxygen desaturation. Obesity and visceral fat accumulation (VFA) are risk factors for the development of OSAHS. Circulating leptin increases in accordance with body mass index (BMI), and under experimental conditions intermittent hypoxia stimulates leptin production.

METHODS:

The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether hypoxemia during sleep influences the levels of circulating leptin and whether the location of body fat deposits, ie, the distribution of VFA and subcutaneous fat accumulation (SFA), affects circulating leptin levels in patients with OSAHA who are not obese. We assessed VFA and SFA by abdominal CT scan and measured circulating levels of leptin in 96 male patients with OSAHS and 52 male patients without OSAHS matched for BMI. To be matched for BMI in the two groups, patients whose BMIs were < 27 were selected for the OSAHS group.

RESULTS:

In the whole study group, circulating leptin levels correlated with BMI (r = 0.30), VFA (r = 0.44), SFA (r = 0.28), apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) [r = 0.48], sleep mean arterial oxygen saturation (Sao(2)) [r = 0.59], and sleep lowest Sao(2) (r = 0.37). Multiple regression analysis showed that average Sao(2) (p < 0.01) and lowest Sao(2) (p = 0.03) were explanatory variables for serum leptin values, but AHI (p = 0.054), BMI (p = 0.33), VFA (p = 0.11), and SFA (p = 0.36) were not.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that sleep hypoxemia may be the main determinant of circulating leptin levels, although the location of body fat deposits could contribute to the elevated circulating leptin levels in patients with OSAHS who are not obese.

PMID:
15764749
DOI:
10.1378/chest.127.3.716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center