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J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Oct;24(7):794-7.

Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in the United Kingdom.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medway Maritime Hospital, Windmill Road, Gillingham, Kent ME7 5NY, UK.


Four hundred and twenty-six surgeons identified as performing TVT in the United Kingdom in the year ended 1 January 2002 were sent a postal questionnaire to identify the technique employed and the complications encountered. An 81% response rate was achieved. Over 7000 TVT operations were reported. Large numbers of surgeons perform a small number of operations each year. A variety of different surgical techniques and anaesthetics are used. Bladder perforations have been reported by 44% and de novo bladder overactivity by 37% of surgeons. Tape erosion is seen in 0.33%. Twenty-eight per cent of surgeons have seen voiding abnormalities that persist for more than 6 weeks. Fifty-seven per cent of surgeons perform short-term follow-up only. The operation is performed in a variety of different ways, by surgeons with variable experience and volumes of work. The different surgical techniques have not been evaluated prospectively and complications are seen more commonly than originally reported.

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