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Eur J Cancer. 2005 Mar;41(5):683-93.

Molecular markers in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma: towards an integrated clinicobiological approach.

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Institute of Otolaryngology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Agostino Gemelli 8, Rome 00168, Italy.


Of the most frequent malignancies in the United States, cancers of the larynx and of the uterine corpus are the only ones not to show an increase in 5-year survival rates over the last 30 years. The increasing use of chemo- and radiotherapy and conservative surgery to preserve organs and their functions has probably led to a better quality of life in patients with laryngeal cancer, but has definitely failed to improve survival, which remains the primary aim. In our opinion, to reduce laryngeal cancer-related mortality, a change in clinical approach is required. We have reviewed the literature on the potential role of molecular markers in the clinical management of laryngeal cancer. We believe that some of the most significant biological markers might be integrated with the evaluation of behavioural risk factors, clinical TNM staging and histopathological grading for a novel clinicomolecular approach to laryngeal cancer. We foresee the use of the most promising biological markers in the phases of prevention, diagnosis, prognostic assessment and drug design.

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