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Mod Pathol. 2005 Sep;18(9):1199-210.

Endocervical adenocarcinomas associated with lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia: a report of four cases with histochemical and immunohistochemical analyses.

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Department of Pathology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.


We report on four cases of endocervical adenocarcinoma associated with lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia using histochemical and immunohistochemical analyses. The patients ranged in age from 59 to 67 years (mean 62 years). Chief complaints were watery vaginal discharge in two cases, genital bleeding in one and no subjective symptoms in one. Cytological examinations of the cervical smears revealed adenocarcinoma cells and benign-looking glandular cells with intracytoplasmic golden-yellow mucin in all cases. Radical hysterectomy was performed in three patients, and simple total hysterectomy was performed in one. From surgical specimens, three tumors were diagnosed as mucinous adenocarcinoma and one was adenocarcinoma in situ. All adenocarcinomas were located proximally on the cervix, and did not involve the transformation zone. Adjacent to carcinoma tissues in the cervix, lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia was detected. The cells of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia were dominantly positive with neutral mucin, and immunohistochemistry revealed that these cells had prominent pyloric gland mucin (HIK1083). Focal immunopositivity for pyloric mucin was also observed in three adenocarcinomas. Either CEA or p53 were immunopositive in all adenocarcinomas and negative in the tissues of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia. Histopathological features of the present cases suggest that some endocervical adenocarcinomas may originate from lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia.

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