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Blood. 2005 Jul 1;106(1):353-5. Epub 2005 Mar 10.

Immunohistochemistry accurately predicts FGFR3 aberrant expression and t(4;14) in multiple myeloma.

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Department of Laboratory Hematology, Princess Margaret Hospital/University Health Network, McLaughlin Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, ON, Canada.


The t(4;14) translocation detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is an independent prognostic factor for an adverse outcome of multiple myeloma (MM). Because t(4;14) uniquely results in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) expression, decalcified, paraffin-embedded bone marrow biopsies were immunostained for FGFR3, and its expression was correlated with the t(4;14) status. FISH detected t(4;14) in 16 (19%) of 85 MM patient specimens, and immunocytochemistry detected aberrant FGFR3 expression in 13 (15%). Twelve (75%) t(4;14)-positive cases expressed FGFR3, and 12 (92%) FGFR3-positive cases harbored a t(4;14). FGFR3 expression and t(4;14) were strongly correlated (P < .001). FGFR3 expression by immunohistochemistry was associated with the immunoglobulin A (IgA) isotype (P < .001), a shorter progression-free survival (median, 11.5 versus 25.8 months; P < .001), and a shorter overall survival (median, 19.2 versus 46.3 months; P < .001).

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