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Hum Reprod. 2005 Jun;20(6):1586-9. Epub 2005 Mar 10.

DNA repair gene XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism is associated with increased risk of uterine leiomyoma.

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1
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Jongno-Gu, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

DNA repair gene XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism has been associated with the risk of several human tumours. In the present study we investigated whether the XRCC1 polymorphism is related to the risk of uterine leiomyoma, the most common neoplasm of the female genital tract.

METHODS:

Three hundred and twenty-seven patients with uterine leiomyoma and 197 normal controls were enrolled, and XRCC1 genotyping was determined by PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism.

RESULTS:

The proportions of individuals homozygous for 399Arg allele, heterozygous and homozygous for the 399Gln allele were 85.8%, 13.7% and 0.5% among the control group, and 46.2%, 53.2% and 0.6% in those with leiomyoma (P < 0.001), respectively. Logistic regression analysis (after adjusting for age, parity, menarche age and body mass index) showed a significant increased risk of uterine leiomyoma in women with the Arg/Gln genotype versus the Arg/Arg genotype (odds ratio 6.79; 95% confidence interval 4.20-10.99; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In Korean women, the 399Gln polymorphism of XRCC1 is associated with an increased risk of uterine leiomyoma.

PMID:
15760950
DOI:
10.1093/humrep/deh836
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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