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J Urol. 2005 Apr;173(4):1234-6.

Long-term 5-year followup of the results of the vesica procedure.

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1
Department of Urology, Rotherham General Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Rotherham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We evaluated the long-term results of Vesica (Boston Scientific Corp., Watertown, Massachusetts) percutaneous bladder neck suspension for stress urinary incontinence.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 40 women with urodynamically proven stress urinary incontinence (SUI) underwent Vesica percutaneous bladder neck suspension between 1994 and 1997. Patients were assessed at 6 months, 12 months and 5 years with a simple questionnaire to elicit whether they had experienced any adverse effects, whether they were dry and whether further investigation or a surgical incontinence procedure was offered.

RESULTS:

Only 1 of the 40 women was lost to long-term followup. Initial results were excellent with 85% of women reporting complete dryness at 6 months. However, wound infections developed in 16% of patients secondary to hematomas in the suprapubic incisions and 10% required a period of intermittent self-catheterization. By 12 months only 46% of women remained dry, although most only reported occasional leakage. At 5 years 69% of patients had recurrent SUI and more than two-thirds of this group (70%) had symptoms severe enough to be offered a further surgical procedure. Patients undergoing subsequent secondary procedures were found to have fraying of the suspensory sutures at the bone anchor.

CONCLUSIONS:

Initial results of this minimally invasive procedure were excellent and despite the lack of long-term data the technique rapidly came into widespread use. The 5-year outcome shows a 31% continence rate. We no longer advocate this particular form of bladder neck suspension for SUI.

PMID:
15758759
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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