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J Urol. 2005 Apr;173(4):1234-6.

Long-term 5-year followup of the results of the vesica procedure.

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Department of Urology, Rotherham General Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Rotherham, United Kingdom.



We evaluated the long-term results of Vesica (Boston Scientific Corp., Watertown, Massachusetts) percutaneous bladder neck suspension for stress urinary incontinence.


A total of 40 women with urodynamically proven stress urinary incontinence (SUI) underwent Vesica percutaneous bladder neck suspension between 1994 and 1997. Patients were assessed at 6 months, 12 months and 5 years with a simple questionnaire to elicit whether they had experienced any adverse effects, whether they were dry and whether further investigation or a surgical incontinence procedure was offered.


Only 1 of the 40 women was lost to long-term followup. Initial results were excellent with 85% of women reporting complete dryness at 6 months. However, wound infections developed in 16% of patients secondary to hematomas in the suprapubic incisions and 10% required a period of intermittent self-catheterization. By 12 months only 46% of women remained dry, although most only reported occasional leakage. At 5 years 69% of patients had recurrent SUI and more than two-thirds of this group (70%) had symptoms severe enough to be offered a further surgical procedure. Patients undergoing subsequent secondary procedures were found to have fraying of the suspensory sutures at the bone anchor.


Initial results of this minimally invasive procedure were excellent and despite the lack of long-term data the technique rapidly came into widespread use. The 5-year outcome shows a 31% continence rate. We no longer advocate this particular form of bladder neck suspension for SUI.

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