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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar;115(3):493-500.

Glucocorticoid-induced surface expression of annexin 1 blocks beta2-integrin adhesion of human eosinophils to intercellular adhesion molecule 1 surrogate protein.

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Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Ill 60637, USA.



Glucocorticoids attenuate the population of eosinophils and T lymphocytes in asthmatic airways. The decrease in airway eosinophilia is caused both by accelerated cell death and by induction of blockade of integrin adhesion. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that annexin 1 surface expression, which is upregulated by the glucocorticoid receptor, prevents integrin adhesion essential to cell migration by blocking intracellular translocation of cytosolic group IV phospholipase A2 (cPLA2).


To examine the relationship of the glucocorticoid on annexin 1 expression and the effect of blockade of annexin 1 activity on adhesion of human eosinophils in vitro. To determine the relationship between annexin 1surface expression and nuclear membrane translocation of cPLA2.


Eosinophils isolated from human peripheral blood were pretreated with fluticasone propionate (FP), and beta2-integrin adhesion was measured after stimulation with IL-5 or eotaxin. Effects of FP on cPLA2 expression, phosphorylation, and translocation were determined. The role of annexin 1 was examined by using annexin 1 blocking antibody and/or mimetic peptides.


Fluticasone propionate decreased stimulated eosinophil adhesion and caused 4-fold increase in annexin 1 expression on the plasma membrane. Inhibition of adhesion by FP was blocked with annexin 1 blocking antibody. Annexin 1 N-terminal mimetic peptide also blocked beta2-integrin adhesion. Translocation of cPLA2 to the nuclear membrane was significantly blocked by incubation with FP. Blockade was reversed with annexin 1 blocking antibody.


Blockade of beta2-integrin adhesion by glucocorticoid is regulated by annexin 1, which blocks cPLA2 translocation to nuclear membrane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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