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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec;1031:387-90.

Current status of vitamin E nutriture.

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Food Surveys Research Group, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Building 005, BARC-W, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.


Vitamin E intake status requires reassessment because the recommended levels have been increased and take into account only the alpha-tocopherol form of vitamin E. A database of alpha-tocopherol values for more than 7,000 foods was developed and applied to dietary data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Usual intake distributions were determined and evaluated for adequacy. Ninety percent or more of the adults studied had their usual intakes below the current Estimated Average Requirement. Several observations-the prevalence of inadequate intakes of vitamin E, absence of signs of deficiency in the U.S. population, and increasing evidence that vitamin E helps reduce chronic disease risk-point to a need for further research.

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