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Biophys Chem. 2005 Apr 1;115(2-3):241-5. Epub 2005 Jan 6.

Skipping of exon 2 and exons 2 plus 3 of HMG-CoA lyase (HL) gene produces the loss of beta sheets 1 and 2 in the recently proposed (beta-alpha)8 TIM barrel model of HL.

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Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.


HMG-CoA lyase (HL) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects ketogenesis and leucine catabolism. We report a new Spanish patient who bears the frequent nonsense mutation G109T (Mediterranean mutation). This mutation can produce aberrant splicing with three mRNA variants: one of the expected size, the second with deletion of exon 2, and the third with deletion of exons 2 and 3. Recently our group proposed a 3D model for human HL containing a (beta-alpha)(8) (TIM) barrel structure. We have studied the effect of the deletions of exon 2 and exons 2 plus 3 on the proposed HL model. Exon 2 skipping led to the loss of beta-sheet 1, and the skipping of exons 2 and 3 caused the disappearance of alpha helix 1 and beta-sheets 1 and 2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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