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J Safety Res. 2005;36(1):33-7. Epub 2005 Jan 25.

Probationary and non-probationary drivers' nighttime crashes in Western Australia, 1996-2000.

Author information

1
University of Western Australia, Australia. claire@buntaize.net

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

This study was designed to explore the temporal aspects of crashes for probationary and non-probationary drivers.

METHODS:

Data from the West Australian Road Injury Database from 1996-2000 were used to calculate age-sex-specific crash rates per 100,000 person-days and to plot proportions of fatal and hospital crashes by time for probationary and non-probationary drivers. The population attributable risk was used to estimate the potential number of lives saved by nighttime driving restriction in the probationary period.

RESULTS:

Probationary drivers were seven times more likely to crash than non-probationary drivers. While the highest number of crashes was in the daytime, probationary drivers had a higher proportion of fatal or hospitalization crashes at night than non-probationary drivers.

CONCLUSION:

Restrictions on driving at night could form part of graduated driver training. Even if some probationary drivers disobeyed the restriction, a substantial reduction in car occupant fatalities and hospitalizations could result.

PMID:
15752481
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsr.2004.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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