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J Nutr Health Aging. 2005;9(1):53-8.

A comparison of first event coronary heart disease rates in two contrasting California populations.

Author information

1
Center for Health Research, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA. gfraser@sph.llu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To directly evaluate whether a population, many of whom are vegetarian or near vegetarian, does experience less coronary heart disease (CHD).

METHODS:

Two concurrent California observational studies,one with unusual dietary habits, are compared. Similar diagnostic criteria were used in both the Adventist Health Study and the Stanford Five-City Project.

RESULTS:

Age-standardized rate ratios (Adventist/Stanford study) for first event fatal CHD were 0.59 (95% confidence interval,0.43-0.80) in men and 0.49(0.32-0.76) in women. Similar ratios for first event myocardial infarction were 0.60(0.47-0.78) and 0.46 (0.33-0.65). Ratios are usually much lower at younger ages or when comparisons include only vegetarian Adventists.

CONCLUSION:

Lifestyle factors can markedly change the first-event CHD experience of whole populations, and appear to especially protect against premature events.

PMID:
15750666
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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