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Oncogene. 2005 May 19;24(22):3583-95.

Cell-autonomous induction of functional tumor suppressor 15-lipoxygenase 2 (15-LOX2) contributes to replicative senescence of human prostate progenitor cells.

Author information

1
Department of Carcinogenesis, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Science Park-Research Division, 1808 Park Rd. 1C, Smithville, TX 78957, USA.

Abstract

Normal human prostatic (NHP) epithelial cells undergo senescence in vitro and in vivo, but little is known about the tissue-specific molecular mechanisms. Here we first characterize young primary NHP cells as CK5(+)/CK18(+) intermediate basal cells that also express several other putative stem/progenitor cell markers including p63, CD44, alpha2beta1, and hTERT. When cultured in serum- and androgen-free medium, NHP cells gradually lose the expression of these markers, slow down in proliferation, and enter senescence. Several pieces of evidence implicate 15-lipoxygenase 2 (15-LOX2), a molecule with a restricted tissue expression and most abundantly expressed in adult human prostate, in the replicative senescence of NHP cells. First, the 15-LOX2 promoter activity and the mRNA and protein levels of 15-LOX2 and its multiple splice variants are upregulated in serially passaged NHP cells, which precede replicative senescence and occur in a cell-autonomous manner. Second, all immortalized prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cells do not express 15-LOX2. Third, PCa cells stably transfected with 15-LOX2 or 15-LOX2sv-b, a splice variant that does not possess arachidonate-metabolizing activity, show a passage-related senescence-like phenotype. Fourth, infection of early-passage NHP cells with retroviral vectors encoding 15-LOX2 or 15-LOX2sv-b induces partial cell-cycle arrest and big and flat senescence-like phenotype. Finally, 15-LOX2 protein expression in human prostate correlates with age. Together, these data suggest that 15-LOX2 may represent an endogenous prostate senescence gene and its tumor-suppressing functions might be associated with its ability to induce cell senescence.

PMID:
15750631
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1208406
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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