Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2005 Apr;35(8):793-801.

Augmentation of post transplant immunity: antigen encounter at the time of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation enhances antigen-specific donor T-cell responses in the post transplant repertoire.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


After transplant, the immune system is reconstituted by cells derived from both hematopoietic stem cells and peripheral expansion from differentiated donor T cells. After transplant, immune function is poor despite transplantation of mature lymphocytes from immune-competent donors. We tested the hypothesis that early antigen encounter at the time of cell transplant would improve the desired donor T-cell responses. Two independent models of peptide-specific T-cell responses were studied. The model for CD4 cells employed T cells from transgenic (Tg) DO11.11 mice that constitutively express the T-cell receptor for the class II-restricted ovalbumin peptide 323-339. The model for CD8 cells employed non-Tg H2-Db-restricted T-cell responses to the influenza nucleoprotein peptide 366-374. As measured both functionally and by direct imaging of T cells using clonotypic reagents, encounter with specific antigen at the time of T-cell transplantation led to clonal expansion of donor T cells and preservation of donor T-cell function in the post transplant immune environment. Antigen-specific donor T-cell function was poor if antigen encounter was delayed or omitted. Severe parent>F1 graft-versus-host reactions blocked the effect of early antigen exposure. Vaccination of transplant recipients against microbial or leukemia antigens may be worthy of study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center