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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Jul;289(1):H30-6. Epub 2005 Mar 4.

Strain-dependent beta-adrenergic receptor function influences myocardial responses to isoproterenol stimulation in mice.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Dept. of Medicine, Univ. Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve Univ., MS 5038, 11100 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106-5038, USA.


Recently, we showed that compared with the A/J inbred mouse strain, C57BL/6J (B6) mice have an athlete's cardiac phenotype. We postulated that strain differences would result in greater left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in response to isoproterenol in B6 than A/J mice and tested the hypothesis that a differential response could be explained partly by differences in beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) density and/or coupling. A/J and B6 mice were randomized to receive daily isoproterenol (100 mg/kg sc) or isovolumic vehicle for 5 days. Animals were studied using echocardiography, tail-cuff blood pressure, histopathology, beta-AR density and percent high-affinity binding, and basal and stimulated adenylyl cyclase activities. One hundred twenty-eight mice (66 A/J and 62 B6) were studied. Isoproterenol-treated A/J mice demonstrated greater percent increases in echocardiographic LV mass/body weight (97 +/- 11 vs. 20 +/- 10%, P = 0.001) and in gravimetric heart mass/body weight versus same-strain controls than B6 mice. Histopathology scores (a composite of myocyte hypertrophy, nuclear changes, fibrosis, and calcification) were greater in isoproterenol-treated A/J vs. B6 mice (2.8 +/- 0.2 vs.1.9 +/- 0.3, P < 0.05), as was quantitation of myocyte damage (22.3 +/- 11.5 vs. 4.3 +/- 3.5%). Interstrain differences in basal beta-AR density, high-affinity binding, and adenylyl cyclase activity were not significant. However, whereas isoproterenol-treated A/J mice showed nonsignificant increases in all beta-AR activity measures, isoproterenol-treated B6 mice had lower beta-AR density (57 +/- 6 vs. 83 +/- 8 fmol/mg, P < 0.05), percent high-affinity binding (15 +/- 2 vs. 26 +/- 3%, P < 0.005), and GTP + isoproterenol-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity (10 +/- 1.1 vs. 5.8 +/- 1.5 pmol compared with controls. High-dose, short-term isoproterenol produces greater macro- and microscopic cardiac hypertrophy and injury in A/J than B6 mice. A/J mice, unlike B6 mice, do not experience beta-AR downregulation or uncoupling in response to isoproterenol. Abnormalities in beta-adrenergic regulation may contribute to strain-related differences in the vulnerability to isoproterenol-induced cardiac changes.

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