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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2005 Mar;31(3):301-5.

Staging bladder carcinoma by three-dimensional ultrasound rendering.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Universit√§tsklinikum Ulm, Ulm, Germany.


Organ-confined staging for bladder cancer has major impact on further treatment. Most imaging techniques for this purpose are insufficient. We, therefore, assessed the value and the limitations of a new diagnostic tool, the 3-D ultrasound (US) rendering, to distinguish invasive from noninvasive bladder cancers. A total of 63 patients underwent 3-D US of the bladder before transurethral resection or radical cystectomy. The US findings were compared with the pathologic stages of the transurethral resection material or the cystectomy specimens. Superficial (pTa) carcinomas were correctly staged in 66% by 3-D US. Lamina propria infiltrating (pT1) were correctly staged in 83% and the quota of correct staging of infiltrating carcinomas (>pT1) by 3-D rendering was 100%. The overall accuracy was 79%. Three-dimensional US rendering is most valuable to discriminate between superficial stages <pT1 and muscle invasive carcinoma >pT1. This new technique might improve staging of bladder cancer.

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