Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Fertil Steril. 2005 Mar;83(3):567-72.

Estrogen receptor alpha dinucleotide repeat and cytochrome P450c17alpha gene polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to endometriosis.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the association of endometriosis with estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) and cytochrome P450c17alpha (CYP17) gene polymorphisms in light of the fact that estrogen plays a role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and the CYP17 enzyme is involved with estrogen biosynthesis.

DESIGN:

Prospective study.

SETTING:

Genetics and gynecology units.

PATIENT(S):

All patients were divided into two groups: group 1, women with endometriosis (n = 119); group 2, normal controls (n = 108).

INTERVENTION(S):

A dinucleotide (thymine-adenine [TA]) repeat polymorphism lying upstream of the ER alpha gene and A1/A2 polymorphism of the CYP17 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction, enzyme restriction, and electrophoresis.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

The ER genotypes were classified into A through T (TA repeats, 10-29). The CYP17 genotypes included indigestible (A1 homozygote), heterozygote, and digestible (A2 homozygote). We compared these polymorphism distributions in both groups.

RESULT(S):

The percentage of genotypes D-G (TA, 13-16) in both groups were 10.5%, 29.4%, 13.0%, and 11.3% in group 1 and 7.9%, 16.7%, 19.9%, and 17.6% in group 2. The genotype E (14 TA repeats) is associated with a higher risk of endometriosis. Proportions of A1 homozygote/heterozygote/A2 homozygote for CYP17 were 26.1%/46.2%/27.7% for group 1 and 14.8%/44.5%/40.7% for group 2, respectively. The A1 homozygote and allele were associated with a higher susceptibility of endometriosis.

CONCLUSION(S):

ER alpha* 14 TA repeats and the CYP17* A1 allele are associated with an increased risk of endometriosis. Both polymorphisms are useful markers for predicting endometriosis susceptibility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center